Catastrophism and uniformitarianism have played a major role in the interpretation of the history of earth. The first assumes rapid, unusual, major geological events, while the second asserts with the contrary concept of small, slow, and prolonged changes.
Catastrophism in the Pacific Northwest: A Geoscience Research Institute Field Guide
This article covers several features and areas that demonstrate the catastrophic processes that shaped the Northwestern US.
Radioisotope Age, Part III: Time in Science and the Bible
Any of the proposed resolutions to the conflict between radiometric dating and biblical chronology has problems. The pros and cons of each need to be considered.
The Yellowstone Fossil “Forests"
Harold G. Coffin I. INTRODUCTION The Petrified Forests of Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming and Montana are perhaps the most spectacular and extensive petrified forests in the world and have stimulated scientific investigations for over 100 years. The first historical records of the petrified trees of Yellowstone National Park came from trappers in the first half of the 19th century, some of…
Radioisotope Age, Part II: Genesis and Time: What Radiometric Dating Tells Us
Radiometric dating is an interpretive science. The complex chemical and physical processes taking place within Earth's mantle and crust are neither completely known nor understood. This is especially true when the radioactive isotope parameters are considered.
Fossil Patterns: A Classification and Evaluation
One of the most interesting challenges in understanding Earth history is explanation of the order in the fossil record.
Radioisotope Age, Part I
Various examples adequately establish that a radioisotope age does not necessarily have a real-time significance. A relationship of a radioisotope age with real-time must be based on an interpretation.
Fossil Reefs and Time
Ancient fossil reefs are considered to be a challenge to the biblical concept of creation. But do these fossil reefs really negate the biblical account of beginnings?
Footprints in the Sands of Time
Coconino Sandstone research has demonstrated how catastrophists can use their theory to develop specific hypotheses about a geologic feature (the Coconino Sandstone), and successfully carry out scientific research to test that hypothesis. This is one criteria that science used to determine the scientific value of any theory.
Coal: How Did It Originate?
The catastrophic burial of plant debris and its subsequent change to coal is not accepted by most coal geologists. However, the dominant "peat bog" theory presents problems that have remained unanswered for more than a hundred years. A Flood model for the formation of coal answers some of these problems and provides a scientifically reasonable explanation for the origin of the vast quantities of coal that exist worldwide.
The fact that animals need plants poses a problem for the evolutionary model, since the record of past life sometimes reveals non-viable ecosystems.
The Puzzle of the Petrified Trees
It is unwarranted to assume a priori, as in the past that all upright petrified trees had grown in the place where they are now found. The transport of trees and their deposition in an erect stance is not as unlikely or as rare as might be expected. Upright fossil trees within the geological column are compatible with a Flood model. Actually, when all factors are considered, a catastrophe involving water and many floating trees is a more satisfactory explanation for their origin.
Life in the Deep Rocks and the Deep Fossil Record
Microorganisms can exist in rocks several kilometers below the surface of the earth. Recently a number of reports indicate that these organisms are much more common than previously surmised and that vast regions of the underworld may be inhabited.
Clastic Pipes and Dikes in Kodachrome Basin
The pipes and dikes in Kodachrome Basin have come from the sedimentary layers below, and raise interesting questions regarding the amount of time involved in their formation.
The Santana Formation
The unnatural mixture and the rapid stratigraphic shifts of fauna seem to require catastrophic water transport into the area. The large geographic extent precludes a local event. Creationists suggest that a world-wide flood could produce results as seen in the Santana Formation and is a better explanatory model.
The Implications of the Oklo Phenomenon on the Constancy of Radiometric Decay Rates
The approach outlined in this paper suggests that the radiometric age assigned to the inorganic minerals associated with a fossil is more a reflection of the characteristics of the source of this inorganic material than an indication of the age of the fossil.
A Post-Flood Ice-Age Model Can Account for Quaternary Features
A model of an ice age caused by the Genesis flood is summarized. It proposes solutions to a number of ice-age problems.
A Catastrophe With an Impact
Geologic features of the KT boundary present interesting evidence relating to possible causes of the mass extinction. The widespread existence of the boundary clay has been interpreted as evidence for a worldwide event at the boundary.
Punc Eq Creation Style
Most punctuated equilibria theories explain why proposed exceptions tend to be in the Upper Cenozoic. Punq Eq Creation Style, however, not only predicts the stasis and abrupt appearance of species, but it also predicts that exceptions will be found in the Upper Cenozoic among forminifera. Because of its greater explanatory power, PECS teoyr is superior to other PE theories.
Those Gaps in the Sedimentary Layers
The layers of sedimentary rock that we see over the surface of the earth usually appear as parallel features that are often spread over wide areas. What does not appear to the casual observer is that between some of these layers major portions of the geologic column are missing.
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